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Compiled by Vanessa Guignery

A complete bibliography has been compiled by Daria Tunca (University of Liège, Belgium):

Primary Sources – Ben Okri


  • Flowers and Shadows (Harlow: Longman, 1980).
  • The Landscapes Within (Harlow: Longman, 1981).
  • The Famished Road (London: Jonathan Cape, 1991; London: Vintage, 2003).
  • Songs of Enchantment (London: Jonathan Cape, 1993; London: Vintage, 1994).
  • Astonishing the Gods (London: Weidenfeld & Nicholson, 1995; London: Phoenix House, 1995).
  • Dangerous Love (London: Weidenfeld & Nicholson: 1996; London: Phoenix House, 1996).
  • Infinite Riches (London: Weidenfeld & Nicholson, 1998; London: Phoenix House, 1998).
  • In Arcadia (London: Weidenfeld & Nicholson, 2002; London: Phoenix House, 2003).
  • Starbook (London: Rider & Co, 2007).

 Collections of Short Stories

  • Incidents at the Shrine (London: Heinemann,1986; Boston: Faber & Faber, 1987; London: Vintage, 1993).
  • Stars of the New Curfew (London: Secker & Warburg, 1988; London: Penguin, 1988; London: Vintage, 1999).
  • Tales of Freedom (London: Rider & Co,2009). (one long story or novella, “The Comic Destiny”, and 13 short texts called “stokus”, an amalgam of “short story” and “haiku”)

Collections of Poems

  • An African Elegy (London: Jonathan Cape, 1992; London: Vintage, 1997).
  • Mental Fight (London: Weidenfeld & Nicholson, 1999; London: Phoenix House, 1999).
  • Wild (London: Rider & Co, 2012).


  • Birds of Heaven (London: Phoenix House,1996). 47p. (“Beyond Words” and “Aphorisms and Fragments”)
  • A Way of Being Free (London: Weidenfeld & Nicholson: 1997; London: Phoenix House, 1997). 133p.
  • A Time for New Dreams (London: Rider & Co:2011). 149p.


  • 'Interview: Ben Okri', Granta,7 April 2011.
  • Deandrea, Pietro, 'An Interview with Ben Okri', Africa America Asia Australia 16 (1994), pp. 55-82. (p.80-82: on The Famished Road)
  • Enfield, Lizzie, 'My hols - A fortress in France, a train through the Rockies, the vigour of Lagos and the inner heartbeat of England — they've all inspired Ben Okri', Sunday Times, 20 June 2010, p. 23.
  • Falconer, Delia, 'Whisperings of The Gods: An Interview with Ben Okri', Island Magazine 71 (Winter 1997), pp. 43-51.  
  • Green, Jonathan, 'Ben Okri Reflects on a Year as the Miss World of Bookdom', Times, 13 October 1992, p. 14.
  • Jowett, Caroline, 'Writes of Passage: Interview with Ben Okri', Sojourn, October 1996, pp. 26-31.  
  • Luce, Edward, 'Electrified by a surge of hope', Financial Times, 26 June 1999, p. 3.
  • Muir, Kate, 'An Author In Search of Humility', Times, 25 October 1991, p. 15.
  • Newton, Carolyn, 'An Interview with Ben Okri', South African Literary Review 2.3 (September 1992), pp. 5-6.  
  • Rix, Juliet, 'My Family Values', Guardian, 26 June 2010, p. 10.
  • Shakespeare, Nicholas, 'Fantasies Born in the Ghetto', Times, 24 July 1986, p. 23.
  • Tepper, Anderson, 'The Mysteries of the World: A Conversation with Ben Okri', Tin House 49 (Fall 2011): 37-45. See also video of a public interview with Anderson Tepper at <>
  • Wilkinson, Jane, 'Ben Okri', in Talking with African Writers (London/Portsmouth: James Currey/Heinemann, 1992), pp. 76-89. [pp.83-88: on The Famished Road]

Secondary Sources


  • Adegoke, Oluwasegun Samuel, The Transformation of Realism in Selected Works of Ben Okri: The Famished Road, Songs of Enchantment and Infinites Riches (Saarbrücken, Verlag, 2011). [print on demand])
  • Adeniji, Abiodun, Ben Okri, The Quest for an African Utopia (Saarbrücken, Verlag, 2011). [print on demand]
  • Akingbe, Niyi. Myth, Orality and Tradition in Ben Okri’s Literary Landscape: Fagunwa, Tutuola, Soyinka and Ben Okri’s Literary Landscape (Saarbrücken, LAMBERT Academic Publishing, 2011) [print on demand]
  • Clary, Françoise. The Famished Road de Ben Okri. Paris : Atlande, 2012.
  • Costantini, Mariaconcetta, Behind the Mask: A Study of Ben Okri's Fiction (Rome: Carocci, 2002). (Chapter 3, p.149-240: “The ‘Spirit-child’ novels”: on the three volumes of the trilogy)
  • Elder, Arlene A., Narrative Shape-Shifting: Myth, Humor and History in the Fiction of Ben Okri, B. Kojo Laing and Yvonne Vera (Oxford: James Currey, 2009), pp. 7-55.
  • Fraser, Robert, Ben Okri: Towards the Invisible City (Horndon: Northcote House, 2002). 121p. (Chapter 6, p. 66-82: “ ‘When the road waits, famished’, 1991-1998”: on the three volumes of the trilogy)
  • Guignery, Vanessa. Seeing and Being : Ben Okri’s The Famished Road. Paris : CNED / PUF, 2012.
  • Kehinde, Owoeye Durojaiye, Intertextuality and the Novels of Amos Tutuola and Ben Okri (Saarbrücken, LAMBERT Academic Publishing, 2011). (pp.43-51: on The Famished Road) [print on demand]
  • Kehinde, Owoeye Durojaiye, Reconstructing the Postcolony through Literature of Fantasy: Fantasy Confronts Realism in Selected Novels of Ben Okri and Salman Rushdie (Saarbrücken, LAMBERT Academic Publishing, 2011). [print on demand]
  • Lim, David C.L., The Infinite Longing for Home: Desire and the Nation in Selected Writings of Ben Okri and K.S. Maniam (Amsterdam / New York: Rodopi, 2005).
  • Mahmutovic, Adnan, Ways of Being Free: Authenticity and Community in Selected Works of Rushdie, Ondaatje and Okri (Amsterdam: Rodopi, Cross/Cultures Series, 2012). (Chapter 2, p.51-62: “The Road of Existential Struggle in The Famished Road”; Chapter 6, p. 89-95: “Ideological Re-appropriation through Death in The Famished Road”; Chapter 8, p.143-174: “Revolution Revisited in The Famished Road”).
  • Mbem, André Julien, La quête de l'universel dans la littérature africaine : de Léopold Sédar Senghor à Ben Okri (Paris: L'Harmattan, 2007). 90p. [Okri, Senghor and Engelbert Mveng]
  • Moh, Felicia Oka, Ben Okri: An Introduction to his Early Fiction (Enugu: Fourth Dimension Publishing Co., 2001; Port Harcourt: Amethyst & Colleagues Publishers, 2005). [Chapter 4, pp. 75-119: The Famished Road]
  • O'Connor, Maurice, The Writings of Ben Okri: Transcending the Local and the National (New Delhi: Prestige Books, 2008). See also his PhD dissertation, From Lagos to London and back again: The road from mimicry to hybridity in the novels of Ben Okri (University of Cadiz, Spain, 2005). [pp. 197-266: The Famished Road]
  • Quayson, Ato, Strategic Transformations in Nigerian Writing. Orality & History in the Work of Rev. Samuel Johnson, Amos Tutuola, Wole Soyinka & Ben Okri (Oxford / Bloomington & Indianapolis: James Currey / Indiana University Press, 1997). (Chapter 6, pp. 121-156: “Harvesting the Folkloric Intuition. The Famished Road.”)
  • Ying, Zhu, Fiction and the Incompleteness of History: Toni Morrison, V.S. Naipaul, and Ben Okri (Oxford: Peter Lang, 2006). (Chapter 4, pp.107-140: “An Undiscovered Continent: Ben Okri's The Famished Road and the Enlargement of Historical Reality”.)

Articles & Essays

  • Adéeko, Adélékè, 'Specterless Spirits/Spiritless Specters: Magical Realism's Two Faces', European Legacy 12.4 (July 2007), pp. 469-480. [Ben Okri's The Famished Road and Alejo Carpentier's The Kingdom of this World]
  • Aizenberg, Edna, 'The Famished Road: Magical Realism and the Search for Social Equity', Yearbook of Comparative and General Literature 43 (1995), pp. 25-30.
  • Aizenberg, Edna, '"I Walked with a Zombie": The Pleasures and Perils of Postcolonial Hybridity', World Literature Today, 73.3 (Summer 1999), pp. 461-466.
  • Balzer, C. D., 'Mme-dolph and the Question of (Postcolonial) Art', Commonwealth 18.2 (Spring 1996), pp. 13-20. Retrieved on 9 February 2012 at
  • Bardolph, Jacqueline, 'Azaro, Saleem and Askar: Brothers in Allegory', Commonwealth 15.1 (Autumn 1992), pp. 45-51.
  • Barker, Clare, ' ‘Redreaming the World’: Ontological Difference and Abiku Perception in The Famished Road', in her Postcolonial Fiction and Disability. Exceptional Children, Metaphor and Materiality (Houndmills, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011), pp. 158-188.
  • Boehmer, Elleke, 'The nation as metaphor: Ben Okri, Chenjerai Hove, Dambudzo Marechera', in her Stories of Women: Gender and narrative in the postcolonial nation (Manchester: University of Manchester Press, 2005), pp. 140-157; earlier version in 'The Nation as Metaphor in Contemporary African Literature', in Robert Clark and Piero Boitani (eds.), English Studies in Transition: papers from the ESSE Inaugural Conference (London / New York: Routledge, 1993), pp. 320-331.
  • Brooks de Vita, Novella, 'Abiku Babies: Spirit Children and Human Bonding in Ben Okri's The Famished Road, Edwidge Danticat's Krik? Krak!, and Tina McElroy Ansa's Baby of the Family', Griot 24.1 (Spring 2005), pp. 18-24.
  • Cezair-Thompson, Margaret, 'Beyond the Postcolonial Novel: Ben Okri's The Famished Road and its "Abiku" Traveller', Journal of Commonwealth Literature 31.2 (1996), pp. 33-45.
  • Cooper, Brenda, ' ‘Out of the centre of my forehead, an eye opened’: Ben Okri's The Famished Road', Magical Realism in West African Fiction: Seeing with a Third Eye (London: Routledge, 1998), pp. 67-114.
  • Cooper, Brenda, 'Snapshots of Postcolonial Masculinities: Alan Hollinghurst's The Swimming-Pool Library and Ben Okri's The Famished Road', Journal of Commonwealth Literature 34.1 (1999), pp. 135-157.
  • Cooper, Brenda, 'A Boat, a Mask, Two Photographers and a Manticore: African Fiction in a Global Context', Pretexts: Studies in Writing and Culture 9.1 (July 2000), pp. 63-76. (p.67-70: on The Famished Road; rest on Achebe’s Things Fall Apart and Hollinghurst’s The Swimming-Pool Library)
  • Cooper, Brenda, 'Landscapes, Forests and Borders within the West African Global Village', in Jamie S. Scott and Paul Simpson Housley (eds.), Mapping the Sacred: Religion, Geography and Postcolonial Literatures (Amsterdam: Rodopi, Cross/Cultures Series, 2001), pp. 275-293. (p.283-286: The Famished Road + Tutuola’s The Palm-Wine Drinkard + Kojo Laing’s Woman of the Aeroplanes)
  • Coundouriotis, Eleni, 'Temporality and the Geographies of the Nation: “The Future Present” in The Famished Road', Claiming History. Colonialism, Ethnography, and the Novel (New York: Columbia University Press, 1999), pp. 141-164.
  • Coundouriotis, Eleni, 'Landscapes of Forgetfulness: Reinventing the Historical in Ben Okri's The Famished Road', in Daniel Gover, John Conteh-Morgan and Jane Bryce (eds.), The Post-Colonial Condition of African Literature (Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, 2000), pp. 41-48.
  • Coussy, Denise, 'Past and Present: Ben Okri's Worlds of Enchantment', in André Viola, Jacqueline Bardolph and Denise Coussy, New Fiction in English from Africa: West, East and South (Amsterdam / Atlanta: Rodopi, Cross/Cultures Series, 1998), pp. 12-21.
  • Dandy, Jo, 'Magic and Realism in Ben Okri's The Famished Road, Songs of Enchantment and Astonishing the Gods: An Examination of Conflicting Cultural Influences and Narrative Traditions', in Stewart Brown (ed.), Kiss and Quarrel: Yoruba/English, Strategies of Mediation (Birmingham University African Studies Series No.5; Birmingham: Centre of West African Studies, 2000), pp. 45-63.
  • de Bruijn, Esther, 'Coming to Terms with New Ageist Contamination: Cosmopolitanism in Ben Okri's The Famished Road', Research in African Literatures 38.4 (Winter 2007), pp. 170-186.
  • Deandrea, Pietro, 'The Rise of West African Magical Realism: Ben Okri: The abiku's double vision', in his Fertile Crossings: Metamorphoses of Genre in Anglophone West African Literature (Amsterdam / New York: Rodopi, Cross/Cultures Series, 2002), pp. 47-71.
  • Eccard, Jonathan, 'Revaluating African Historicities: Okri's Three-Volume Cycle', in Robert Cancel and Winifred Woodhull (eds.), African Diasporas: Ancestors, Migrations and Borders (Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, 2008), pp. 143-158.
  • Elder, Arlene A., 'Narrative Journeys: From Orature to Postmodernism in Soyinka's The Road and Okri's The Famished Road', in Hal Wylie and Bernth Lindfors (eds.), Multiculturalism and Hybridity in African Literatures (Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, 2000), pp. 409-416.
  • Elze-Volland, Jens Frederic, 'Precarity and Picaresque in Contemporary Nigerian Prose: An Exemplary Reading of Ben Okri's The Famished Road', in Jennifer Wawrzinek and J.K.S. Makokha (eds.), Negotiating Afropolitanism: Essays on Borders and Spaces in Contemporary African Literature and Folklore (Amsterdam / New York: Rodopi, 2011), pp.47-58.
  • Faris, Wendy B., Ordinary Enchantments: Magical Realism and the Remystification of Narrative (Nashville, Vanderbilt University Press, 2004). Retrieved on 13 April 2012 at <>
  • Fernández Vázquez, José Santiago, 'Recharting the Geography of Genre: Ben Okri's The Famished Road as a Postcolonial Bildungsroman', Journal of Commonwealth Literature 37.2 (2002), pp. 85-107.
  • Gane, Gillian, 'The Forest and the Road in Novels by Chinua Achebe and Ben Okri', Alternation 2007, 14.2, pp. 40-52. Retrieved on 13 April 2012 at [on Things Fall Apart and pp.45-52: on The Famished Road, ]
  • Garnier, Xavier, 'L'Invisible dans The Famished Road de Ben Okri', Commonwealth 15.2 (Spring 1993), pp. 50-57.
  • Gaylard, Gerald, After Colonialism: African Postmodernism and Magical Realism (Johannesburg: Witts University Press, 2005).
  • Green, Matthew, 'Dreams of Freedom: Magical Realism and Visionary Materialism in Okri and Blake', Romanticism 15.1 (January 2009), pp. 18-32.
  • Hawley, John C., 'Ben Okri's Spirit Child: Abiku Migration and Post-modernity', Research in African Literatures 26.1 (Spring 1995), pp. 30-39.
  • Hemminger, Bill, 'The Way of the Spirit', Research in African Literatures 32.1 (Spring 2001), pp. 66-82.
  • Highfield, Jonathan, 'No Longer Praying on Borrowed Wine: Agroforestry and Food Sovereignty in Ben Okri’s Famished Road Trilogy', in Byron Caminero-Santangelo and Garth Myers (eds.), Environment at the Margins: Literary and Environmental Studies in Africa (Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Press, 2012), pp. 141-158.
  • Hoffman, Donald, 'Seeing Things: "Magical Realism" from Tutuola to Okri', in Edris Makward, Mark Lilleleht and Ahmed Saber (eds.), North-South Linkages and Connections in Continental and Diaspora African Literatures (Trenton: Africa World Press, 2005), pp. 487-501. (pp.493-501: The Famished Road)
  • James, Erin, 'Bioregionalism, Postcolonial Literatures, and Ben Okri’s The Famished Road', in Tom Lynch, Cheryll Glotfelty and Karla Armbruster (eds.), The Bioregional Imagination: Literature, Ecology, and Place (Athens, Georgia: University of Georgia Press, 2012), pp. 263-277.
  • Jones, Eldred D., 'Childhood before & after Birth', African Literature Today 21 (1998), pp. 1-8.  
  • Kukathas, Chandran, 'The capitalist road: the riddle of the market from Karl Marx to Ben Okri', Quadrant 42.4 (Apr. 1998): 49ff. Also published in Literature and the Economics of Liberty: Spontaneous Order in Culture, ed. by Paul A. Cantor and Stephen Cox (Auburn, AL: Ludwig von Mises Institute, 2010).
  • Liman, Abubakar Raliyu, 'Postcolonial Discourse: The Case of Ben Okri's The Famished Road', CALEL 1.1 (1997), pp. 63-79.
  • López Rodríguez, Marta Sofia, 'Ben Okri: Politics in the World of Spirits', in Fernando Galván and Mercedes Bengoechea (eds.), On Writing (and) Race in Contemporary Britain (Alcalá de Henares: Servicio de Publicationes de la Universidad de Alcalá, 1999), pp. 101-105. (on The Famished Road)
  • Mahmutovic, Adnan,'History as the Road of Existential Struggle in The Famished Road',Journal of Postcolonial Cultures and Societies 1.3&4 (2010), pp. 1-13.
  • Mathuray, Mark, 'Sacred Realism: Ben Okri's The Famished Road' in hisOn the Sacred in African Literature: Old Gods and New Worlds (Basingstoke & New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009), pp. 115-136.
  • McCabe, Douglas, “Histories of Errancy: Oral Yoruba Àbíkú Texts and Soyinka’s Abiku’ ”, Research in African Literatures, 2002, n° 33.1, p. 45-74.
  • McCabe, Douglas, ' "Higher Realities": New Spirituality in Ben Okri's The Famished Road', Research in African Literatures 36.4 (2005), pp. 1-21.
  • Moore, Gerald, 'Dialogism and The Famished Road', in Toyin Falola and Barbara Harlow (eds.), Essays in Honour of Bernd Lindfors: vol. 2, African writers and their readers (Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, 2002), pp. 415-429.
  • Murphy, Laura T. 'Geographies of Memory: Mapping Slavery’s Recurrence in Ben Okri’s The Famished Road', in her Metaphor and the Slave Trade in West Africa Fiction (Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Press, 2012), pp. 75-105. (forthcoming in May 2012)
  • Nnolim, Charles E., 'The Time Is out of Joint: Ben Okri as a Social Critic', Commonwealth Novel in English 6.1-2 (Spring-Fall 1993), pp. 61-68.
  • Nwosu, Maik, 'The River, the Earth, and the Spirit World: Joseph Conrad, Chinua Achebe, Ben Okri, and the Novel in Africa ', in Tobias Robert Klein, Ulrike Auga and Viola Prüschenk (eds.), Matatu: Journal for African Culture and Society 35, Texts, Tasks, and Theories: Versions and Subversions in African Literatures 3 (Amsterdam / New York: Rodopi, 2007), pp. 93-109. (pp.101-108: The Famished Road)
  • Obumselu, Ben, 'Ben Okri's The Famished Road: A Re-evaluation', Tydskrif vir Letterkunde 48.1 (2011), pp. 26-38.
  • O'Connor, Maurice Frank, 'Ben Okri as Cultural Translator', in Micaela Muñoz-Calvo, Carmen Buesa-Gómez and M. Ángeles Ruiz-Moneva (eds.), New Trends in Translation and Cultural Identity (Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Press, 2008), pp. 237-247.
  • Ogunfolabi, Kayode Omoniyi, 'Fictionalizing the Crisis of the Environment in Ben Okri's The Famished Road and Songs of Enchantment', in Toyin Falola and Emily Brownell (eds.), Landscape, Environment and Technology in Colonial and Postcolonial Africa (New York: Routledge, 2012), pp.273-290.
  • Ogunsanwo, Olatubosun, 'Intertextuality and Post-Colonial Literature in Ben Okri's The Famished Road', Research in African Literatures 26.1 (Spring 1995), pp. 40-52.
  • Okonkwo, Chidi, 'The Quest for Order in a Changing Order', Cambridge Anthropology 15.3 (1991), pp. 41-52.
  • Okpala, Jude Chudi, 'Deterritorialization, Black British Writers, and the Case of Ben Okri', in Lauri Ramey (ed.), BMa: The Sonia Sanchez Literary Review 6.2 (Spring 2001), pp. 97-113. Also published in R. Victoria Arana and Lauri Ramey (eds.), Black British Writing (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004), pp. 145-159. (on Famished Road and Songs of Enchantment)
  • Oliva, Renato, 'Re-Dreaming the World: Ben Okri's Shamanic Realism', in Elsa Linguanti, Francesco Casotti and Carmen Concilio (eds.), Coterminous Worlds: Magical Realism and Contemporary Post-Colonial Literature in English (Amsterdam: Rodopi, Cross/Cultures Series, 1999), pp. 171-196. [on The Famished Road and Songs of Enchantment]
  • Omhovere, Claire and Fiona McCann, eds. Special issue of Commonwealth Essays and Studies, Spring 2013.
  • Palmer, Eustace, 'Ben Okri: The Famished Road', in his Of War and Women, Oppression and Optimism: New Essays on the African Novel (Trenton: Africa World Press, 2008), pp. 225-258.
  • Palmer, Eustace, 'Teaching Ben Okri's The Famished Road & Syl Cheney-Coker's The Last Harmattan of Alusine Dunbar', African Literature Today 29 (2011), pp. 1-19.
  • Peeren, Esther, 'The Postcolonial and/as the Spirit World: Theorizing the Ghost in Jacques Derrida, Achille Mbembe and Ben Okri's The Famished Road', in Mélanie Joseph-Vilain, Judith Misrahi-Barak & Gerry Turcotte (eds.), Postcolonial Ghosts / Fantômes postcoloniaux (Montpellier: Presses universitaires de la Méditerranée; coll. Les Carnets du CERPAC 8, 2009).
  • Phillips, Maggi, 'Ben Okri's River Narratives: The Famished Road and Songs of Enchantment', in Derek Wright (ed.), Contemporary African Fiction (Bayreuth: Breitinger, 1997), pp. 167-179.
  •  Phillips, Maggi, 'Madame Koto: Grotesque Creatrix or the Paradox of Psychic Health?', in Alice Mills (ed.), Seriously Weird: Papers on the Grotesque (New York: Peter Lang, 1999), pp. 35-49. 
  • Priebe, Richard K., 'Literature, Community, and Violence: Reading African Literature in the West, Post-9/11', Research in African Literatures 36.2 (Summer 2005), pp. 46-58.
  • Quayson, Ato, 'Esoteric Webwork as Nervous System: Reading the Fantastic in Ben Okri's Writing', in Abdulrazak Gurnah (ed.), Essays on African Writing II: A Re-Evaluation (Oxford: Heinemann Educational Publishers, Studies in African Literature Series, 1995), pp. 144-158.
  • Quayson, Ato, 'Orality – (Theory) - Textuality: Tutuola, Okri and the Relationship of Literary Practice to Oral Traditions', in Stewart Brown (ed.), The Pressures of the Text: Orality, Texts and the Telling of Tales (Birmingham University African Studies Series No.4; Birmingham: University of Birmingham Centre for West African Studies, 1995), pp. 96-117.
  • Quayson, Ato, 'Protocols of Representation and the Problems of Constituting an African "Gnosis": Achebe and Okri', Yearbook of English Studies 27 (1997), pp. 137-149.
  • Ringrose, Christopher, 'Assessing Ben Okri's Fiction 1995-2005', in Philip Tew and Rod Mengham (eds.), British Fiction Today (London / New York: Continuum, 2006), pp. 78-90.
  • Roy, Anjali, 'Post-modern or Post-colonial? Magic Realism in Okri's The Famished Road', in Daniel Gover, John Conteh-Morgan and Jane Bryce (eds.), The Post-Colonial Condition of African Literature (Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, 2000), pp. 23-39.
  • Smalligan, Laura M., 'Navigating between Worlds: Ben Okri's Abiku Child and the Oshogbo School of Art', Journal of Commonwealth Literature 46.2 (June 2011), pp. 359-375.
  • Smith, Andrew, 'Ben Okri and the freedom whose walls are closing in', Race & Class 47.1 (2005), pp. 1-13.
  • Smith, Anna, 'Dreams of Cultural Violence: Ben Okri and the Politics of the Imagination', World Literature Written in English 38.2 (2000): 44-54.
  • Soliman, Mounira, 'From Past to Present and Future: The Regenerative Spirit of the Abiku', Alif: Journal of Comparative Poetics 24 (2004), p. 147-171.
  • Sowande, Bode, 'The Metaphysics of Abiku: A Literary Heritage in Ben Okri’s The Famished Road', in Holger G. Ehling and Claus-Peter Holste-Von Mutius (eds.), No Condition is Permanent: Nigerian Writers, Democracy and the Struggle for Civil Society, Matatu 23-24, Amsterdam and New York, Rodopi, 2001, p. 73-81.
  • Strongman, Luke, 'Postmodernism and History: Magical realism and African cosmopolitanism: Ben Okri's The Famished Road', The Booker Prize and the Legacy of Empire (Amsterdam / New York: Rodopi, 2002), pp. 128-132.
  • Teimouri, Mahdi, 'Time and and Vision in Ben Okri's The Famished Road', Sarjana 26.2 (December 2011) : 1-14.
  • Ten Kortenaar, Neil, 'Fictive States and the State of Fiction in Africa', Comparative Literature 52.3 (2000), pp. 228-245. (pp. 241-242: The Famished Road)
  • Upstone, Sara, 'Writing the Post-Colonial Space: Ben Okri’s Magical City and the Subversion of Imperialism', Partial Answers 2.2 (June 2004), pp. 139-159. (on Infinites Riches)
  • Waliaula, Ken Walibora, 'Disenchantment with the State of the Nation in Ben Okri's The Famished Road, Orhan Pamuk's Snow and Rashid al Daif's Passage to Dus', JALA: Journal of the African Literature Association 3.1 (Winter 2008 - Spring 2009), pp. 49-64.
  • Warnes, Christopher, 'The African World View in Ben Okri's The Famished Road', in his Magical Realism and the Postcolonial Novel: Between Faith and Irreverence (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009), pp. 124-149.
  • Washington, Teresa N., 'Twinning across the Ocean: The Neo-political Àjé of Ben Okri's Madame Koto and Mary Monroe's Mama Ruby', in her Our Mothers, Our Powers, Our Texts: Manifestations of Ajé in Africana Literature (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2005), pp. 245-272 (The Famished Road': pp. 257-272).
  • Whyte, Philip, 'Photography in Ben Okri's The Famished Road', Commonwealth 23.2 (Spring 2001), pp. 21-28.
  • Whyte, Philip, 'West African Literature at the Crossroads: The Magical Realism of Ben Okri', Commonwealth SP5 (2003), pp. 69-79. A
  • Wright, Derek, 'Interpreting the Interspace: Ben Okri's The Famished Road', CRNLE Reviews Journal 1-2 (1995), pp. 18-30.
  • Wright, Derek, 'Imagined and Other Worlds: Magic History in Kojo Laing's Search Sweet Country and Ben Okri's The Famished Road', in his New Directions in African Fiction (New York: Twayne Publishers, 1997), pp. 140-161.
  • Wright, Derek, 'Postmodernism as Realism: Magic History in Recent West African Fiction', in Derek Wright (ed.), Contemporary African Fiction (Bayreuth: Eckhard Breitinger, 1997), pp. 181-207. (quelques pages sur Okri)
  • Wright, Derek, 'Pre- and Post-Modernity in Recent West African Fiction', Commonwealth 21.2 (Spring 1999), pp. 5-17.
  • Wu, Coral, ‘From Cultural Hybridization to Ecological Degradation: The Forest in Chinua Achebe's Things Falls Apart and Ben Okri's The Famished Road’, JALA: Journal of the African Literature Association 6.2 (Winter/Spring 2012).

A selection of reviews on The Famished Road, Booker Prize and brief profiles
  • Appiah, Anthony, “Spiritual Realism.” Nation 255.4 (3-10 August 1992): 146-148. (rev. of FR)
  • Bennett Robert, 'Ben Okri'(biography, major works and themes, criticalreception and bibliography), in Puspa Naidu Parekh and Siga Fatima Jagne (eds),
  • Postcolonial African Writers: A Bio-Bibliographical Critical Sourcebook , (Westport: Greenwood, 1998). Retrieved on 9 February 2012 at
  • Carter, Angela, 'Gaudy Metaphysics', Sunday Times 31 March 1991, p.8. (rev. of FR)
  • Chisholm, Anne, 'Ben Okri's Journey', Age, 1 May 1993, p. 7. (interview and profile)
  • Dirda, Michael, 'Traveler in a World of Spirits', Washington Post Book World, 24 May 1992, n°22.21, p. 1 and 14. (rev. of FR)
  • Fraser, Robert, 'Carrion Comfort and Magical Strains', Independent (Weekend Books), 1 June 1991, p. 28. (rev. of FR)
  • Gates, Henry Louis, Jr, 'Between the Living and the Unborn', New York Times Book Review, 28 June 1992, pp. 3 and 20. (rev. of FR)
  • Guiloineau, Jean, 'L'Oeuvre de Ben Okri: Une Arme et un enchantement', Notre Librairie: Revue des Litteratures du Sud 140 (April-June 2000), pp. 42-44.
  • Hattersley,Roy, 'Ben Okri: A man in two minds', Guardian, 21 August 1999, p. 6. (profile)
  • Holt, Patricia, 'Okri's Enchanted Reality', San Francisco Chronicle, 31 May 1992. (profile)
  • Houpt, Simon, 'Ben Okri: The Landscapes Within', Globe and Mail, 2 January 1992, Arts section p. C1. Also published in African Literature Association Bulletin 18.3 (Summer 1992), pp. 37-39. (profile)
  • Jaggi, Maya, 'Free spirit', Guardian, 11 August 2007, p. 12. (profile)
  • Larson, Charles R., 'The Power of Hunger', The World & I, March 1992, pp. 383-387. (rev. of FR)
  • Larson, Charles R., 'Africa’s Magical Musician of Prose', The World & I Nov. 1993, pp. 298-305.
  • Locke, Richard, 'A Master of Magic Realism', Wall Street Journal, 7 July 1992, p. A12. (rev. of FR)
  • Naparstek, Ben, 'Driven to abstraction', South China Morning Post, 2 September 2007, p. 5. Also published as 'Prince of the planet', Sydney Morning Herald, 15 September 2007, p. 30. (profile and Starbook)
  • Niven, Alastair, 'Uncommon progression', West Africa 3869 (4-10 November 1991), pp. 1842-1843.
  • Nixon, Rob, 'Road Warriors', Village Voice 37.34 (25 August 1992), p.87. (rev. of FR)
  • Osundare, Niyi, 'Of Prizes and Messianism', West Africa 3874 (9-15 December 1991), pp. 2053-2054. (Booker Prize)
  • Quackenbush, Rich, 'Ben Okri writes about growing up in Africa', Houston Chronicle, 7 June 1992, p. 21. (rev. of FR)
  • Stenhouse, Davis, 'It came to him like a dream', Sunday Times, 19 August 2007, p. 7. (profile)
  • Streitfeld, David, 'Of Time and the River', Washington Post Book World, 21 June 1992, p. 15. (brief interview on FR)
  • Taylor, Alan, 'The art of creation', Sunday Herald, 19 August 2007, p. 42. (profile and Starbook)
  • Upchurch, Michael, 'Human, Spirit Worlds Mesh In Okri Novel', Seattle Times, 24 May 1992. Also published as 'Nigeria Through The Eyes Of a Spirit', San Francisco Chronicle, 31 May 1992. (rev. of FR)
  • Wilhelmus, Tom, 'Time and Distance', Hudson Review 46.1 (Spring 1993), pp. 247-254 (pp. 247-249 on The Famished Road).

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Last update September 27, 2012 - Archived Oct 1, 2015
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